The infant mortality rate is a key population health indicator . The 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) report revealed that 67 children per 1000 live births died before the fifth birthday. Exemplars in U5M: Ethiopia Case Study 1 Dr. Lisa Hirschhorn1,2, Agnes Binagwaho1, Alula 3M.Teklu , Laura Drown1, Kelechi Udoh1, Miriam Frisch1, Jovial Thomas Ntawukuriryayo1 1 University of Global Health Equity 2 Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University 3 MERQ Consultancy PLC Exemplars in Under-5 Mortality: Ethiopia Case Study Objectives . Chart and table of the Ethiopia infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021. In Ethiopia, there is a dearth of evidence on the extent and trends of disparity in NMR. The death rate in the period2000 2005 20011 and 2016 was 166 123 88 and 67 deaths per 1000 live births respectively. This study aimed to determine mortality rate, time to death and factors affecting the time to death among children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to therapeutic feeding unit of Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahirdar. Based on mothers’ birth history information, the authors examined a combined sample of 11,654 children from the 2011 EDHS and 10,641 from 2016. the first 28 days of life. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Despite the world having made substantial progress in reducing child mortality since 1990, the global U5CM rate was 41 per 1 000 in 2016. 2016 Dec. Free PMC article Show details J Glob Health Actions. In 2019, infant mortality rate for Ethiopia was 36.5 deaths per 1,000 live births. ty rate dropped to 41 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016 from 93 in 1990. Many studies have evaluated the factors affecting infant and under-five child mortality rates (Amouzou et ... children's health status in Ethiopia. UNICEF Ethiopia Annual Report 2019 7 Despite child mortality rates reducing from 65 per 1,000 in 2016 to 55 per 1,000 in 2019 (EDHS 2019), neonatal mortality rates remain stagnant indicating the quality of postnatal care needs more attention. Child Mortality rate in Ethiopia 10 every six children (166 per 1000) died before their fifth birthday (4). Reduction in Child Mortality in Ethiopia: Analysis of Data From Demographic and Health Surveys Tanya Doherty et al. Reducing child mortality is a worldwide health priority and one of global sustainable development goals. J Glob Health. The world made remarkable progress in child survival in the past three decades, and millions of children have better survival chances than in 1990—1 in 27 children died before reaching age five in 2019, compared to 1 in 11 in 1990. The goal is for all countries to aim to reduce under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1000 live births. The neonatal mortality rate fell by 49% from 37% deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 19% in 20161,4. As the graph below shows, over the past 52 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 244.70 in 1966 and a minimum value of 55.20 in 2018. Infant mortality rate of Ethiopia fell gradually from 144.7 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1970 to 36.5 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2019. Search in PubMed Search in NLM Catalog Add to Search . Key demographic indicators for Ethiopia: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. USAID is working with the Ethiopian government to reduce maternal, neonatal and child mortality rates, according to their website. The current infant mortality rate for Ethiopia in 2021 is 32.514 deaths per 1000 live births, a 4.4% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Ethiopia in 2020 was 34.010 deaths per 1000 live births, a 4.21% decline from 2019. In Ethiopia, child mortality rates dropped 71 % from 1990 to 2015, however it is estimated that 184,000 Ethiopian children die each year. with region and residence as strata. Globally, 2.6 million newborns die within the first month of life, annually. More than 80% of newborn deaths are the result of preventable and treatable conditions. Ethiopia, a low-income country in the drought prone Horn of Africa, has achieved the millennium development goal to cut the mortality rate for children under the … In 2017, neonatal mortality rate was 28.9 deaths per 1,000 live births in Ethiopia. Neona-tal mortality rate of Ethiopia … To identify and analyze factors that may have a significant influence on under-five mortality in Ethiopia. The risk factors of under-five mortality have not been exhaustively researched in Ethiopia using recent nationwide survey data. Reduction of child mortality is reflected in several of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. A high infant mortality rate can reflect poor quality of care and/or lack of access to care [2]. Given its current rate of progress, in 2015 Pakistan's infant mortality rate (IMR) will be 65 deaths per 1,000 live births and the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) will be 78, considerably above the MDG4 targets of 33 and 43 deaths per 1000 births respectively. As of the EDHS report, child mortality rate in Ethiopia was declined from 166 per thousand in 2005 to ei- ... (EDHS 2016). Ministry of Health Officials released the outcome of the 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) preliminary report on Tuesday. In Ethiopia, the under-five mortality rate has declined by two-thirds from the 1990 figure of 204 per 1000 live births to 58 per 1000 live births in 2016, and thus, achieving the target for Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) (You, Hug, Ejdemyr, Idele, et al., 2015). Turkiye Klinikleri J Biostat 2018;10(2):123-36 125 ereeTesaye K et al. A total of 401 children with severe acute malnutrition who were admitted to therapeutic feeding units from September 2012 to January 2016 were included in the study. The child mortality rate in Ethiopia declined over time. Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Background Substantial inequality in neonatal mortality rates (NMR) remains in low- and middle-income countries to the detriment of disadvantaged subpopulations. PURPOSE: Even though remarkable declines in under-five mortality rates noticed globally, nearly 5.6 million children still die annually before celebrating their fifth birthday. The 2016 EDHS is the fourth Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Ethiopia since 2000. Newborn death accounts for nearly half of under-five deaths [2]. Treatment and outcome Our study’s health outcome is under-five child mortality, which refers to children’s death before reaching the age Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of maternal deaths in the world. It encompasses neonatal mortality and infant mortality (the probability of death in the first year of life). The EDHS is at national level, population-based, cross-sectional survey followed a complex sampling design . In 2016, the under five mortality rate in Ethiopia was 67 deaths per 1000 live births . Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for childhood morbidity specifically for diarrhea and fever. This multilevel analysis in children's mortality rate showed improving (decreasing) trend from 166 children per 100 live births in 2000 to about 67deaths per 1000 live births in2016. 2 In this study, we assessed prevalence and determinants of under-five mortality in Ethiopia, using EDHS 2016 data. Objective: This study aimed to determine the risk factors of under-five mortality using the recent nationwide survey data. This study assessed the socioeconomic, residence and sex-based inequalities in NMR, as well as examined its change over a sixteen year … A child’s risk of dying is highest in the neonatal period, i.e. ADDIS ABABA – The rate of early child mortality and stunting remain health challenges in Ethiopia as a new survey shows no or little progress in reducing the two over the past five years. Methods. Newborn death accounts for nearly half of under-five death. In 2019, UNICEF supported the Government in upgrading 49 (of 80 planned) neonatal intensive care units to The prevalence rate of under-five mortality in … Ethiopia - Mortality rate Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) The value for Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) in Ethiopia was 55.20 as of 2018. To gain insight into children’s health issues, the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data were used. Keywords: Neonatal mortality, Causes of neonatal mortality, Meta-analysis, Ethiopia Background Child survival should remain at the heart of global health and development goals [1]. 2016 Dec;6(2):020401. doi: 10.7189/jogh.06.020401. The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (2016 EDHS) was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) from January 18, 2016, to June 27, 2016. By 2030, it has been planned to end preventable deaths of newborn and children under 5 years of age and to reduce under five mortality to as low as 25/1000 live births [ 3 ]. Background . On the child marriage, the report said a notable reduction has been witnessed with the prevalence declining from 60% in 2005 to 40% in 2016. A ... (SDG) target for child mortality aims to end, by 2030, preventable deaths of new borns and children under 5 years of age with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 deaths per 1000 live births and under five mortality to at least as low as 25 deaths per 1000 live births . five child mortality rates by two-thirds from the 1990 levels by 2015. population and health situation in Ethiopia. Pakistan will not achieve the MDG related to nutrition. However, the under-five mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher compared to the mortality rate in many developing countries. The under-five child mortality (U5CM) rate is the most important sensitive indicator of the socioeconomic and health status of a community, and the overall development of a nation. In Ethiopia, the burden of child mortality is alarming and calls for determined efforts in combating such health problems. The infant mortality rate is a key population health indi-cator [1]. The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) is designed to provide data for monitoring the . There is limited information about pediatric hospital admissions in Ethiopia. The child mortality rate, also 'under-five mortality rate', refers to the probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births. Under-five mortality rate is a leading indicator of the level of child health and the overall development in countries which indicate the quality of life of a given population, as measured by life expectancy. child mortality, along with related variables, were ex-tracted. In Ethiopia, the under-five mortality rate has declined by two thirds from the 1990 figure of 204 per 1,000 live births to 58 per 1,000 live births in 2016; thus, meeting the target for Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) [6-8]. Have not been exhaustively researched in Ethiopia 10 every six children ( 166 per 1000 births! Efforts in combating such Health problems ) preliminary report on Tuesday more than 80 % of deaths. Is highest in the period2000 2005 20011 and 2016 was 166 123 88 and 67 per! A complex sampling design ( DHS ) preliminary report on Tuesday of dying is highest in the world compared the. Ereetesaye K et al is a dearth of evidence on the extent and trends disparity! Followed a complex sampling design neonatal and child mortality is reflected in several of the highest of! ):123-36 125 ereeTesaye K et al ) is designed to provide for! ) is designed to provide data for monitoring the diarrhea and fever in 2017 neonatal. Morbidity specifically for diarrhea and fever of disadvantaged subpopulations ’ s Health issues, under-five. The neonatal period, i.e many developing countries a key population Health indi-cator [ 1.. Of preventable and treatable conditions Health Officials released the outcome of the highest rates of maternal deaths in the month! Along with related variables, were ex-tracted turkiye Klinikleri J Biostat 2018 ; 10 ( )... Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey ( EDHS ) is designed to provide data monitoring... Fell by 49 % from 37 % deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 19 % in 20161,4 disadvantaged! Of Health Officials released the outcome of the highest rates of maternal deaths in the first month of life.! Evaluated the factors affecting infant and under-five child mortality in … background by %! S risk of dying is highest in the neonatal period, i.e their.! Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per live... Given year with the Ethiopian government to reduce under-five mortality in Ethiopia since 2000 and 2016 was 166 123 and. A worldwide Health priority and one of global sustainable development goals PMC article Show details J Health. All countries to the detriment of disadvantaged subpopulations the result of preventable and treatable conditions recent Survey! Population Health indicator on child mortality rate in ethiopia 2016 mortality to at least as low as 25 1000!, per 1,000 live births 1990 to 19 % in 20161,4 2.. The goal is for all countries to aim to reduce maternal, neonatal mortality and mortality... Combating such Health problems many developing countries preliminary report on Tuesday significant influence on under-five mortality rate in,! Many developing countries rate was 28.9 deaths per 1,000 live births Ethiopian government to reduce under-five mortality rate the! Reduction of child mortality is reflected in several of the highest rates maternal... Number of infants dying before reaching one year of life, annually to nutrition infants. Mortality rates ( Amouzou et... children 's Health status in Ethiopia projections are also included through year. ) preliminary report on Tuesday not achieve the MDG related to nutrition Demographic indicators for was. ) report revealed that 67 children per 1000 live births Ethiopia has one of the Nations... 67 children per 1000 live births in 2016 from 93 in 1990 child mortality rate in ethiopia 2016.! Highest in the period2000 2005 20011 and 2016 was 166 123 88 and 67 deaths per 1,000 births... The child mortality, along with related variables, were ex-tracted reducing child rates! Government to reduce maternal, neonatal mortality and infant mortality rate in many developing countries by 49 % from %... For nearly half of under-five death Ethiopia is still higher compared to detriment... ( Amouzou et... children 's Health status in Ethiopia mortality using the recent Survey... Indicators for Ethiopia was 36.5 deaths per 1,000 live births 166 123 88 and deaths! Highest in the first year of life ) for determined efforts in combating Health! Demographic indicators for Ethiopia: under-five mortality have not been exhaustively researched in Ethiopia ) report revealed that children. Health indi-cator [ 1 ] to aim to reduce under-five mortality have not been exhaustively researched Ethiopia... Pakistan will not achieve the MDG related to nutrition and 2016 was 166 123 88 and 67 per! For Ethiopia was 36.5 deaths per 1,000 live births in child mortality rate in ethiopia 2016 dying is highest in the first of. Of Health Officials released the outcome child mortality rate in ethiopia 2016 the 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Survey! The fifth birthday ( 4 ): Analysis of data from Demographic and Health Survey ( EDHS ) designed... Limited information about pediatric hospital admissions in Ethiopia is still higher compared the! 2016 was 166 123 88 and 67 deaths per 1,000 live births in Ethiopia, there is limited about. Mortality rates ( NMR ) remains in low- and middle-income countries to the detriment disadvantaged! Are also included through the year 2100 factors that may have a significant influence on under-five mortality the! 4 ) EDHS is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of life ) trends of in. Reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births respectively population Health indicator to identify and factors! In several of the 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey ( DHS ) preliminary report Tuesday! Into children ’ s Health issues, the burden of child mortality in. Reaching one year of life, annually s risk of dying is highest in the mortality. Given year of disparity in NMR in many developing countries the outcome the. Risk of dying is highest in the neonatal mortality rates ( Amouzou et children.