In Salomon v Salomon & Co Ltd  AC 22 (HL) and Dadoo Ltd and others v Krugersdorp Municipal Council 1920 AD 530 at 550 the same principle that a company is a separate entity distinct from its members was enunciated. 205. The second problem is that it is not in dispute that the property was attached at Stand No. She said that the judgment debtor has since ceased to operate and now exists in name only. Therefore it will be improper for her property to be attached to satisfy the debt of the judgment debtor. 6. The first claimant’s claim to the attachment in execution of judgment HC 3734/11 is hereby granted. PAUL CHISANGO. The ongoing crisis, the result of poor macroeconomic management and unsustainable fiscal policy, has further deteriorated through … Case note on the case of S v Ranchi HH 515-17, The Zimbabwe Electronic Law Journal Now a Refereed Journal and the Editors invite you to contribute articles for future volumes. THE SHERIFF OF ZIMBABWE APPLICANT, P. T ZHANDA & SONS PRIVATE LIMITED 1ST CLAIMANT, MICHAEL ZHANDA 2ND CLAIMANT, ZIMBABWE NATIONAL WATER AUTHORITY JUDGMENT CREDITOR, HARARE, 26 September 2018, 4 October 2018 and 23 January 2019, A. Chinamatira, for the judgment creditor, (1) SMIT INVESTMENT HOLDINGS SA (PROPRIETARY) LIMITED (2) GENET MINING (PROPRIETARY) LIMITED, VIRGINIA SIBANDA CLAIMANT, OLD MUTUAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT JUDGMENT CREDITOR, COLLEEN BEATRICE BENATAR (JUDGMENT CREDITOR), HIGH COURT OF ZIMBABWE code of conduct provision that decision of designated authority shall be final effect appeal allowed on technical grounds, Discretion exercise of prison authorities discretion to grant remission of sentence discretion must be, Exclusion of the jurisdiction of the courts by finality clauses, Formulation of Master Plan in an urban area, interference by court with administrative actions or decisions, unreasonableness of decision being reviewed, AFFIDAVIT See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Affidavit), Appeal to Labour Relations Tribunal (ZimLII), Application to lodge memorandum of appeal out of time, application for extension of time within which to appeal, Application to strike out Notice of Appeal, Contention that trial court lacked jurisdiction in appeal, Extension of time to file notice of appeal, Failure to file appeal within prescribed time, Failure to join an affected party as Second Respondent, Requirement that a memorandum of appeal be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed against, Rule 83 requiring appellant to institute appeal within 60 days of filing notice of Appeal (TZ), exercise of discretionary power by lower court, limited powers of appeal court to interfere with decision, application by Attorney-General for leave to appeal against sentence, lengthy delay between conviction and hearing of appeal, Duty of appellate court where there is no judgment, Extension of time within which to note appeal, grounds bias on part of judicial officer what must be shown critical comments and adverse decision not, what record of proceedings of lower court must contain. Get Textbooks on Google Play. An HIV mother breastfeeding a baby: Did she commit a criminal offence? He managed to rebut the presumption that the motor vehicle belongs to the judgment debtor since it was attached at the judgment debtor’s premises. Labour Court See also EMPLOYMENT (Labour Relations Tribunal). This is even endorsed on registration books. ZIMBABWE ACT To make amendments to Acts to bring them into conformity with the Constitution; and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing. directions See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Directions). must rebut that presumption by clear satisfactory evidence.”. The court was left wondering whether or not her home is situated at the same address as the judgment debtor. 7763 Opposite National Sports Stadium, Belvedere West, Harare. Attorney-General (LEGAL PRACTITIONER) See also CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Attorney-General). MUREMBA J. HARARE, 26 May 2015 and 3 June 2015 . During the hearing of the civil matter, Mrs Kunonga brought invoices to show that she was the one who bought the cattle. Citing the case of Zandberg v Van Zyl 1910 AD 258 it argued that at law possession of a movable raises a presumption of ownership. DEFAULT JUDGMENT See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Default judgment), extent of act violating dignity (Actio injuriarum), extent of invasion of privacy (Actio injuriarum), voluntary assumption of risk by plaintiff, DIVORCE See FAMILY LAW (Husband and wife - divorce), Domicile of origin and domicile of choice (distinction), donation from one spouse to another (when proper), Act for payment of salary in lieu of notice, Appeal against determination of disciplinary committee under disciplinary code, disciplinary proceedings against employee, injuries sustained in course of employment, interest to employer (what must be shown), suspension of employee See EMPLOYMENT (Suspension), Industrial and Labour Relations Act of Zambia. It is therefore frivolous to argue that because the registration book is not in the name of the first claimant therefore he is not the owner of the motor vehicle. The judgment creditor also argued that what compounds the first claimant’s claim is that the motor vehicle was attached at the judgment debtor’s premises. But in a desperate attempt to retain the cattle, Kunonga's wife issued interpleader proceedings in terms of the rules of the High Court. Contents of notice. The registration book is in the name of Zimsun Leisure Group. 9. She clearly explained that she used to be the director of the now defunct judgment debtor. Court may Order Separate Trials . Her late husband Charles Nyamadzao was the Principal Director. (HONS) PART 3 (2010) SYLLABUS The Procedure of the High Court and Supreme Courts of Zimbabwe contained in: High Court of Zimbabwe Act, Chapter 7.06 (formerly No. Under the circumstances I conclude that the first claimant managed to prove on a balance of probabilities that the Mazda 323 is his motor vehicle. 6HUYLFH ZKHUH SHUVRQ WR EH VHUYHG … Ms S. Mangwengwende, for the judgment creditor MAKONI J: These are interpleader proceedings … Joinder of Causes of Action . 380/1964 THE … MUREMBA J: Turnall Holdings Limited which is the judgment creditor obtained judgment in case no HC 3734/11 on 20 July 2011 against Sherland Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd. Pursuant to that judgment it instructed the applicant to attach certain property. LOCUS STANDI See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Locus standi). In casu the second claimant was not a party to the proceedings which gave rise to the judgment which resulted in the attachment of the household goods in dispute. HUSBAND AND WIFE See FAMILY LAW (Husband and wife). contract illegal for want of compliance with statutory formalities . This, coupled with the lack of any documentary proof to show that the goods belong to the second claimant leads me to the finding that the second claimant failed to prove on a balance of probabilities that the household goods are hers. 2 8. EVE CHRISTINE GAHADZIKWA IN THE HIGH COURT OF ZIMBABWE MAKONI J HARARE, 15 March, 2018 Opposed Matter Ms F. Mabungu, for the applicant. 64, CA. S. Banda, for the 1 st and 2 nd claimant. In casu the fact that the movable goods were attached at the judgment debtor’s premises raises the presumption that they belong to the judgment debtor. Labour Relations Amendment Act 2002 (No. With respect to the second claimant it is ordered that: Kantor and Immerman, applicant’s legal practitioners, J Mambara & partners, 1st and 2nd claimants’ legal practitioners, Chihambakwe, Mutizwa & Partners, judgment creditor’s legal practitioners, Midlands State University Law Review Journal, University of Zimbabwe Student Law Review Journal, Case note on Zimbabwe Law Officers Association & Anor v National Prosecuting Authorities & Ors CCZ -1-19, Guilt by association: the over-extension of the doctrine of common purpose, Devolution demystified: Emerging debates and prospects for devolution in Zimbabwe A discussion paper, The State is not above the law: Enforcing a judgment against the State when it fails to comply with a judgement, The Role of the Criminal Law in the Protection of Women Against Gender-Based Violence: Case note on S v Jeri HH-516-17, Accessing information held by the State and State institutions Case note on Hitschmann v City of Mutare & Anor HH-211-16. Interpleader notice: conflicting claims. Equality before the law and equal protection of the law, Exploitation degredation abuse or trafficking, Harmful practices affecting the rights of women, Torture cruel inhuman or degrading treatment, ILLEGALITY See CONTRACT (Enforceability) and CONTRACT (Illegality), House forming part of matrimonial estate but registered in sole name of husband, Personal right in respect of immovable property, IMPOSSIBILITY See CONTRACT (Impossibility), IMPRISONMENT See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) General Principles, INCOME TAX See REVENUE AND PUBLIC FINANCE (Income Tax), INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY See COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, INSTALMENT SALE See SALE (Immovable property - instalment sale), nature of protection granted by copyright, selling of infringing copies of CDs and DVDs, priority in time of application for registration, similarity likely to lead to trade mark confusion, unauthorised use of a mark so nearly resembling a registered trade mark. agreement be determined by way of interpleader proceedings for the relief of any person desiring so to interplea d. (2) Where in any interpleader proceedings it is proved that the claims in question are matters to which an arbitration agreement, to which the claimants are parties, relates, the court . Customary law See CUSTOMARY LAW (Family law). See the case of But in a desperate attempt to retain the cattle, Kunonga’s wife issued interpleader proceedings in terms of the rules of the High Court. SC 780/17)  ZWSC 33 (19 June 2018); The Deputy Sheriff of the High Court v Lameck & 2 Others (HH 269-18, HC 3398/15)  ZWHHC 269 (24 May 2018); The Sheriff of Zimbabwe & 3 Others v Gahadzikwa (HH 272-18, HC 8793/17)  ZWHHC 272 (15 March 2018); The Sheriff of Zimbabwe v Sibanda & Another (HH 275-18, HC 8039/17 Ref HC 10057/16)  ZWHHC 275 (23 May 2018); The Sheriff of Zimbabwe v Rowan Marco Benatar & Another (HH 157-18, HC 10628/17 X ref Ref HC 5257/11)  ZWHHC 157 (21 March 2018); The Sheriff of Zimbabwe v Bevyzone Investment (Pvt) Limited & 13 Others (HH 39-18, HC 4710/17 X ref Ref HC 7298/16)  ZWHHC 39 (24 January 2018); Xtreme Oils Private Limited v Shahadat (HH 21-18, CIV ‘A’ 216/16)  ZWHHC 21 (18 January 2018); Executor/Administrator of deceased's estate, Revocation of appointed administrator of estate of deceased, failure by person exercising public authority to exercise powers, limited grounds on which court may interfere with such decision. ORDER 7 SERVICE OF PROCESS, NOTICES, ETC. 28/1981) Supreme Court Rules, RGN. macroeconomic situation in Zimbabwe has deteriorated markedly over the last three years, and since 1999 the country has been facing a deep crisis. versus . During the hearing of the civil matter, Mrs Kunonga brought invoices to show that she was the one who bought the cattle. 1. De Villers CJ in Zandberg v Van Zyl supra at p 272 said, “…..possession of a movable raises a presumption of ownership and that therefore a claimant in an interpleader suit claiming the ownership…. Following a flat real GDP in 1999, the crisis has exacerbated and GDP declined by 5.5 per cent in 2000. and. summary judgment See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Summary judgment). The Mazda 323 as set out in the Notice of Service and Attachment dated 16 January 2014 issued by the applicant is declared not executable. THE REPUBLIC OF KENYA IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA AT NAIROBI MILIMANI LOSS COURTS CIVIL CASE NO. Right to property protection against deprivation of property without fair compensation, appointment of members of board by relevant Minister, Corporation's property not State property, limits on Minister's discretion as to who may be appointed, when may be regarded as an organ of the State, Arbitration clause in contract See ARBITRATION (Arbitration clause), vicarious liability for breach of contract, purpose of award of damages (Breach of contract), election by innocent party to terminate or abide by contract, rights accrued before the date of termination, when need not be accepted as constituting entire contract between parties, when clause may relieve party of liability for negligence, essential requirements (Formation of contract), mental capacity of contracting party (Formation of contract), agreement between parties involving a contravention of Exchange Control, agreement to pay foreign currency for item purchased in Zimbabwe, agreement understating purchase price so as to avoid capital gains tax and, contract illegal for want of compliance with statutory formalities, contravention of Estate Agents Act [Chapter 27:05], impossibility when extinguishes obligations under contract, supervening impossibility alleged by non-performing party, whether contract one of hire or for services, Right of first refusal or pre-emption See SALE (Option), renunciation of exceptions non causa debiti, non numeratae pecuniae and errore calculi, contract made in breach of statutory prohibition, contract providing that loan be repaid in foreign currency, justus error on part of party to contract, Costs incurred before commencement of proceedings, exceptional measure for cases involving neglect or impropriety, may be ordered for failure to advise clients correctl, practitioner accepting appointment as executor dative, practitioner advising client to disobey court order, practitioner making unsubstantiated allegations of impropriety against another officer of court, Filing of voluminous and unnecessary documents in a court application, dishonest conduct and behaviour by applicant, general behaviour of litigants throughout the litigation completely unjustified, lack of bona fides and deplorable conduct, party to civil dispute wrongfully having recourse to criminal law, duty to obey order and seek redress afterwards, need to show that person knew of court order, party allegedly in contempt approaching court for relief, requirement that applicant purge its contempt before approaching court for relief, jurisdiction of the High Court in labour matters, Juvenile court See also COURT (Children’s court), Labour Court See EMPLOYMENT (Labour Court), Precedent See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Stare decisis), Vexatious proceedings See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Abuse of process), Assault with intent to do grievous bodily harm, Unlawful entry into premises followed by theft of property therefrom, CRIMINAL LAW (Other Offences Under Criminal Law Code), Being found in possession of goods in regard to which there is a reasonable suspicion that they were stolen, CRIMINAL LAW STATUTORY OFFENCES (Other than offences under Criminal Law Code), Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act [Chapter 26:05], Criminal Law Amendment Act [Chapter 9:05], Law and Order (Maintenance) Act [Chapter 11:07], Miscellaneous Offences Act [Chapter 9:15], Prevention of Corruption Act [Chapter 9:16], Public Order and Security Act [Chapter 11:17], accused appearing in court after High Court order issued, exceptions, provisos and exemptions (charge), Indictment See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Charge), Insanity See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Verdict – special verdict), Postponement See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Remand), Sentence See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE SENTENCE General Principles, Specification of person suspected of corruption offences, special verdict on grounds of accused’s insanity, CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) Common Law Offences, Crimes of dishonesty unaccompanied by violence (Sentence; common law), extenuating circumstances in murder sentencing, infanticide See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) (Statutory offences – infanticide), Receiving stolen property knowing it to have been stolen v, Stock theft See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) (Statutory offences – stock theft), CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) General Principles, Back-dating of prison sentence to date of convicted person’s arrest, Matters which court may take into account (Sentence), CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) Offences Under Criminal Law Code, Crimes of dishonesty unaccompanied by violence (Sentence; Code), Unlawful entry and theft (Sentence; Code), CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (SENTENCE) Statutory offences, Control of Goods (Price Control) Regulations, 2001 (Sentence), Drugs and Allied Substances Control Act [Chapter 320 of 1974] (Sentence), Penalty provision in statute – effect (Sentence; Statutory), Precious Stones Act [Chapter 21:06] (Sentence), Prevention of Corruption Act [Chapter 9:16] (Sentence), Public Order and Security Act [Chapter 11:17] (Sentence), Sexual Offences Act [Chapter 9:21] (Sentence), distribution of matrimonial estate (CUSTOMARY LAW), matter capable of resolution by either general law or customary law, no agreement between parties that it should apply, wife’s entitlement to division of estate (CUSTOMARY LAW), consideration to applicable customary principles of succession, approach to be followed in magistrates courts, bigamous marriage, effects of (Family law -CUSTOMARY LAW), customary marriage followed by civil marriage, division of property following divorce (Family law -CUSTOMARY LAW), effect - rights of father of child of customary law marriage, entitlement to share of matrimonial (CUSTOMARY LAW), formalities required in customary law marriage, husband and wife (Family law -CUSTOMARY LAW), property rights under customary law marriage, testing validity of customary law marriage, husband marrying a second wife under civil law while first marriage subsisted, rights of widow under customary law to share of estate. CIVIL IMPRISONMENT. A registration book on its own is not proof of legal ownership. She produced two invoices in support of her claim of the cattle that had glaring discrepancies, which she failed to explain. Restraining a party from disposing of assets of a marriage, where date specified, interest runs from that, whether interest begins to run again from date of litis contestatio, rate of interest laid down in Money Lending and Rates of Interest Act [Chapter 14:14], rate of interest not same as rate under Prescribed Rate of Interest Act [Chapter 8:10], rate of interest when debt expressed in foreign currency, stipulated rate of interest in excess of rate laid down in Money Lending and Rates of Interest Act [Chapter 14:14], INTERLOCUTORY ORDER See APPEAL (Interlocutory order), International human rights instruments signed, effect on domestic law of international human rights instruments, use of international human rights instruments to resolve ambiguity in domestic legislation and to ensure equal treatment, whether international human rights instruments are part of the law, international organisation granted immunity under Privileges and Immunities Act [Chapter 3:03, incorporation of treaties into domestic law, requirement to act in accordance with human rights, democracy and the rule of law, Tribunal required to develop its own jurisprudence, having regard to applicable treaties, general principles and rules of public international law, JOINDER OF PARTIES See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Joinder), JUDGMENT See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Trial - judgment) and PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Judgment), acquisition notice issued before coming into effect of constitutional amendment No 17, allocation of land appropriated from original owner for resettlement, application to Administrative Court to confirm acquisition, holder of offer letter in respect of land, occupation by former owner of farm or any part thereof, buyer having no right to transfer of land, Commercial Premises (Rent) Regulations 1983. ORDER 28. locus standi See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Locus standi), order requiring the performances of acts by person who is not a party to action, Zambia Broadcasting Corporation (Parties), lis pendens See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Lis pendens), res judicata See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Res judicata), special pleas, exceptions and applications to strike out, declaration – delictual action (Pleadings), extent to which parties are bound by pleadings, based on judgment in personam (Res judicata), previous litigation between same parties (Res judicata), Rights of action (PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE), Rules of court – departure from (PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE). The first claimant also attached an agreement of sale which was entered into between African Sun Limited (Zimsun) and Simeon Mandeya for the sale of the Mazda 323. Provisions of Order 32 to apply. and. Magistrates Court Act AN ACT to consolidate and amend the law relating to courts of magistrates, and to provide for the examination, by interrogatories, of persons resident in Zimbabwe, whose evidence is required in civil cases pending in any magistrates court in any neighbouring state. Manner of service of process. Defamation: protecting reputation or suppressing media freedom? 4. So the fact that the Mazda 323 was attached at the judgment debtor’s premises raises the presumption that the motor vehicle is the property of the judgment debtor. Joinder of Parties . declaratory order See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Declaratory order). 17 of 2002), Labour Relations Tribunal See also EMPLOYMENT (Labour Court), Unlawful interference with right to earn a living, Urban council employee See EMPLOYMENT (Employee - urban council employees), Vicarious liability of employer for delictual acts of employee, Vicarious liability of master for delictual acts of servant, Vicarious liability of master for negligence of a third party employed by servant, Practising as estate agent without being registered, Admissions See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Admissions), Demeanour See EVIDENCE (Credibility - demeanour), EX PARTE APPLICATION See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Application - ex parte), EXCEPTION See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Exception), Exchange Control Regulations 1996 (SI 109 of 1996), Offences under exchange control legislation relating to foreign currency, EXECUTION See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Execution), EXECUTOR See ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES (Executor), EXTRADITION See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Extradition), child removed from jurisdiction by one parent, legitimacyof child born during subsistence of customary law marriage -, return of child to country of habitual residence. Instituting and defending proceedings. defendant raising triable issue (Summary judgment), evidence which may be led by plaintiff (Summary judgment), Time - reckoning of (PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE), application made either ex parte or at very short notice, good faith and full disclosure of all material facts (Urgent Application), interdict sought as provisional relief (Urgent Application), what constitutes urgency (Urgent application), PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW See CONFLICT OF LAWS, Legal practitioner See LEGAL PRACTITIONER, Immovable property See IMMOVABLE PROPERTY, right of access to grave (iter ad sepulchrum), PROSECUTOR See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Prosecutor), Disciplinary proceedings (PUBLIC SERVICE), REGULATIONS See INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES (Regulations) and STATUTES (Regulations), REVENUE AND PUBLIC FINANCE See also CUSTOMS AND EXCISE, Commissioner-General of Zambia Revenue Authority, management share option scheme (Income tax), tax due on interest payable to issuer of promissory notes, Criminal matter See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (Review), Breach of warranty against eviction (SALE), agreement that part of sale price be payable in local currency but calculated in relation to a foreign currency value, instalment sale (Immovable property (SALE)), Instalment sale See SALE (Immovable property – instalment sale), offeree exercising right by refusing to buy at price offered, right of first refusal (pre-emption) (SALE), purchase price paid in foreign currency (Validity, SALE), SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE See CONTRACT (Breach – remedies – specific performance), Possession protected by spoliatory remedies, Interpretation See INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES, presumption in favour of regulations validity, regulations effectively altering provisions of parent Act, statute published in Revised Edition of Laws, when can regulations be declared to be ultra vires, STATUTORY TENANT See LANDLORD AND TENANT (Tenant – statutory tenant), STOCKBROKER See PROFESSIONS AND TRADES (Stockbroker), SUMMARY JUDGMENT See PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (Summary judgment), Appeal to Supreme Court on a question of law, court’s wide powers in civil appeal (Supreme Court), declaratory order (Supreme Court Powers of), application for stay of execution pending appeal to the Supreme Court, inherent jurisdiction to control its judgment (Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court), inherent jurisdiction to control processes and protect itself from abuse (Supreme Court), rectification of irregularity (Jurisdiction of Supreme Court), when Supreme Court may exercise review powers, action brought against surety after judgment taken against principal debtor, judgment debt arising out of principal debtor’s failure to pay debt, Defence of qualified privilege (Defamation, TORT), Interference with contractual relations (TORT), Whether substantial damages can be recovered without proof of actual loss, Administrative Court (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING), Appeal – to Administrative Court – what decisions are subject to appeal to, Building erected in violation of building by-laws, TRADE MARK See INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (Trade mark). 7763 but at the same time she did not explain whether or not she also resides at this address. Right to take Proceedings . She did not dispute that the goods were attached at stand no. The Sheriff for Zimbabwe v Masango & 2 Others (HH 448-19, HC 11275/18)  ZWHHC 448 (03 July 2019); The Sheriff of Zimbabwe v P. T Zhanda & Sons Private Limited & 2 others (HH 35-19, HC 5243/18 X Ref HC 1258/18)  ZWHHC 35 (23 January 2019); The Sheriff for Zimbabwe v Mahachi & Another (HMA 34-18, HC 98/18 Ref Case No. 4. Since its inception this Journal has had an Editorial Board consisting of editors from the Faculty of Law at the University of, Using religion to sexually exploit young female parishioners Case note on the Gumbura rape cases - By Geoff Feltoe, When Culture Clashes with the Criminal Law Case note on S v Hamunakwadi 2015 (1) ZLR 392 (H); S v Musino HH-158-17 and S v Taurayi HH-298-90 By Geoff Feltoe, Aligning the Administrative Justice Act with the Constitution, Final Papers of the 2016 National Symposium on the Promise of the Declaration of Rights under the Constitution of Zimbabwe, SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE 2013 ZIMBABWEAN CONSTITUTION AND THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS, African Customary Law, Customs, and Women's Rights - Muna Ndulo, A GUIDE TO ADMINISTRATIVE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT LAW IN ZIMBABWE, Commentary on the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act [Chapter 9:23]. The property was attached at stand no. No. B Ndoro, for the claimant. HIPPO Valley Estates, the showcase of agro-industrialisation in this country in the 1960s and 70s, is under threat from government's controversial land reform. A month later, on 22 January 2013, the Respondent took out an application seeking to vary the order for custody. A claim should stand or fall on its founding papers. Mr Kunze also argued that by failing to change ownership of the motor vehicle into his name within two weeks of purchasing it as is required in terms of s 14 of the Vehicle Registration and Licensing Act [Chapter 13:14], the second claimant was in violation of the law and as such it rendered him not to be the owner of the motor vehicle. ( Current as of December 1, 2011 ) interpleader is also allowed by the applicant the General Laws Act... Television, dining room couch, TV stand and an upright fridge and 2 nd.! 2013, the Respondent claimant nor the judgment debtor were attached belong to the Respondent explain whether or her! 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