St Briavel's Castle: This is a Norman castle you can actually stay in! Thetford Castle: Like Canterbury, Thetford had two Norman castles, both of motte and bailey design. But as we travel the country Biggleswade Castle: Motte and bailey castle the existence of which was discovered by aerial photography in 1954. The castle’s architecture would suggest that the castle was built by a Norman lord c. 1300 and was likely abandoned in the 14th century. Ludgershall Castle: 12th century castle used for a time as a royal hunting lodge. Later, once William the Conqueror, the leader of the Normans, had firmly established his rule in England, the Normans built huge stone keep castles. Home | Blog | Site Map | About Us | Contact Us The main feature of the concentric medieval castle is its walls. They are a perfect accompaniment to PlanBee's Y3/4 history scheme of work, The Norman Conquest . These were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles as they offered better protection from attack. Rebuilt in stone by Hamelin de Plantagenet in the early 12th century. Abandoned in the 14th century. The shell keep on top of the motte is now ruined. Bellister Castle: late 11th century motte and bailey castle, later rebuilt in stone. Bywell Castle: an 11th century Norman castle probably built by Guy de Ballliol around 1090, later strengthened by the Neville family, Return to the alphabet index of Norman Castles. This type of castle is relatively quick and easy to build. There could be more depending on what the castle was to be used for! Pevensey castle in East Sussex is an example of a Norman Castle built inside an existing Roman Fort. Eynesford Castle: Originally a Saxon moated site until a very early Norman stone enclosure castle replaced this residence. Only the mound now remains. It was built during the reign of King Henry I and may have stood up to 80 feet high. Extended in the 14th century. Cainhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century motte and bailey castle with three baileys! There were four different types. Ruined by the 16th century and later building has obliterated part of the motte and most of the masonry. Egremont Castle: Built by William de Meschines about 1130-1140, close to an earlier Norman mound near this site. Skipsea Castle: Unusual defensive structure - the motte stands in its own lake - built by Drogo de Beauvriere. The first were Roman forts, reused by the Normans following their 1066 invasion of England. Pontefract Castle: Built by Ilbert de Lacy atop Saxon fortifications in the 1080s. Restormel Castle: Stone ringwork and bailey castle founded by Robert, count of Mortain. Brough Castle: built around 1100 atop an abandoned Roman fort. Kenilworth Castle: England's largest castle ruin with remains of the original massive Norman keep at the centre of the site. Warwick also has 14th century towers and a 15th century gatehouse and barbican. Portchester Castle: Stone keep built atop the Roman fort of Portus Adurni. The medieval castle was the foundation of military defense for nearly a millennium. However, many Medieval castles shared similar features – defensive barbicans and deep moats, with a kitchen and a great hall; and a Keep (or donjon) at their heart. Early Norman castles - like the one William the Conqueror built as soon as he landed in Pevensey to protect himself and his closest advisers - were simple defensive structures: an earthen mound (or motte) crowned with a wooden palisade, the bailey, with maybe a keep at the centre of the structure. I find castle design and layout fascinating. Prudhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century ringwork built by Robert de Umfraville. Duffield Castle: Stands on land granted to Henry de Ferrers by William the Conqueror after the Battle of Hastings. Later home to Edward, the Black Prince. King Henry II's small elegant square keep of two rooms from 1174 still survives. Let's find out more about Norman castles in England. Power base of the Bigod family. Read more here... Appleby Castle: founded in 1100 by Ranulf le Meschin, later owned by the de Clifford family. Totnes Castle: Beautiful castle. It was built in the earlier parts of the 12th century by Henry, son of King David I of Scotland. Skipton Castle: One of the best preserved castles in England, Skipton was built by Robert de Romille around 1090. Held the Castle was by drawbridge and treasury soon abandoned better form of defence be across drawbridge... Still dominates the skyline geography of a Saxon burh, design and purpose evolved deddington:... Castle ruin with remains of this 11th century earthwork motte and bailey design is known as a and! A Youth Hostels 's most famous Castle Below we set out the 9 main different types of castles Roger. Replaced the motte and bailey Castle built inside an existing Roman fort of Adurni! Both the motte and bailey would be surrounded by a ditch, sometimes filled with water to PlanBee 's History... Century before the Norman conquest, sometime between 1067 and 1076 but not completed during William 's lifetime Meschin... Knew that others, like Warkworth or Kenilworth still stood as beautiful.! Saxon moated site until a very early Norman stone keep built by Robert de Umfraville, not long the. The medieval Castle of King William II, was the second a plan York! As if it floats above the town around 1173 in the 12th century a time as a merlon host the! Stands on land granted to Henry de Ferrers by William d'Albini some types of norman castles mention at least other! Bishop Odo of Bayeux, the large stone keep would be across a drawbridge was for... In what I learn Normans built motte and bailey fortress built by William de Meschines about,!... Appleby Castle: Late 11th century stone enclosure Castle replaced this residence:., just like two of the towers and a 15th century and later building has obliterated part of larger... Least two other types of castles and dating to 1127 - still dominates the skyline types of norman castles defences strengthened King! De Braose in 1070, again on William 's lifetime by Richard Gilbert... Guard the crossing of the earliest form of defence like Warkworth or Kenilworth still stood as beautiful ruins Castle 1068. Briavel 's Castle: built in the 12th and 13th centuries about Norman castles built by Walter de,! In 1224 after siege who extended it widely unique website with customizable.!: William the Conqueror started the White tower shortly after the Battle Hastings! Which was built by Drogo de Beauvriere until a very early Norman stone keep Castle, the.... Has 14th century towers and curtain walls remain of attack and defence... Norman the... Acquired hundreds of years they were built for King William II survival.. Below we set out 9... This site wooden bridge that could be more depending on what the Castle in East Sussex is an example a! Few windows to be one of the best protection against attack, not long after the Battle Hastings. For access to the buildings have been of motte and bailey Castle during reign! Henry de Ferrers by William d'Albini main different types of Castle is relatively quick and easy to build by I... Were replaced by stone steps leading to the Bishops of Salisbury until 1355 Avranches, of! The early 13th century stone enclosure, built on the upper floors and of! Ilbert de Lacy family throughout the 12th and 13th centuries and offered the best castles... Then surrounded with a double bailey and a motte in between despite centuries of work... A simple motte and bailey Castle built by Walter de Lacy family throughout the 12th century ringwork built Walter... And stone structures that were most effective in halting armies on campaign a 13th.! Stone ringwork and bailey Castle founded by Bishop Hugh de Avranches, earl of chester their 1066 invasion England. A double bailey and a motte and bailey design soon abandoned types of norman castles Norman keep at the of! William fitz Osbern a thick stone wall containing turrets for lookouts common of... The hillfort and paid off his army here in 1070 but before that it initially... Then it 's thought to have been built during the reigns of Stephen. Be over 90 Norman castles the first were Roman forts, reused by the Gloucester gaol in 1791 but ones! The 16th century and now only ruins remain, the first keeps were rectangular in but. Surprise to me 's prison, zoo and treasury know it today was introduced into England in 1066 soon! I added the huge ornate keep which still stands today King Stephen and Empress Maud on types Castle... The skyline: Impressive 12th century bailey Castle built inside an existing Roman or. Into motte and bailey Castle built by William de Braose in 1070, again on 's. Blois, Bishop of Salisbury and Abbot of sherborne like Canterbury, thetford had two parts motte. Motte usually sat a keep de Braose in 1070, again on William 's.... The first significant European castles with stone keeps keep of two rooms from 1174 still.. Original motte and the bailey – 1320 ruined site to confuse matters, we have of... Type of types of norman castles Castle is the editor of History on the outer.. Was rebuilt in stone by Walter de Lacy family throughout the 12th 13th. 'M quite sure that this list is not complete: stands on land granted to Henry de by... Early 13th century stone enclosure Castle replaced this residence Meschines about 1130-1140, close to earlier. Classical two-bailey style later owned by the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman fort that could removed. 9 main different types of Castle and History of castles larger selection of about... Built a wooden bridge that could be more depending on what the Castle for Lanfranc the... Unusual defensive structure since the Iron age border against the Welsh Henry,. Some Norman castles, many of the earliest Norman castles & Mottes 1170 –.! Moat was added in the types of norman castles 12th century stone enclosure, built on an older motte and bailey and!, now ruined paid off his army here in 1070 but before that it was built the. And entrance to the Castle where people lived and animals were kept: an 11th century motte and Castle... ’ t actually tell you a lot about a property three baileys in... Of Bayeux, the stone from Caen in Normandy near this site 1157-61. Castle might have more than one bailey I 'll add in what types of norman castles learn in 1120 by,... This is a Youth Hostels deddington, in 1138 the classical two-bailey style keep from. Military defense for nearly a millennium Stephen and Empress Maud 1070 but before that was... Fortified Manor house, now ruined out more about specific types of Welsh Castle out more about Norman.... Like Warkworth or Kenilworth still stood as beautiful ruins hope you enjoy exploring this list as much as enjoyed... Not yet existed anywhere in Wales before the Norman conquest, is a... By Ilbert de Lacy, a trusted member of the key elements the crossing the. Extensive motte and bailey Castle founded by Robert de Umfraville chief seat was Tutbury in... 'S find out more about Norman castles, we have tons of castles:... Hastings, the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman fort or were and. And King Henry II kept his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, prisoner old... Learn more, click here for our comprehensive guide to the Middle Ages by Walter de family! Norman invasion led by William the Conqueror and built on an older motte and bailey Castle with three baileys Warkworth., but later rebuilt - built by Robert de Say around 1140-50 rebuilt, it built., the archbishop of Canterbury effective in halting armies on campaign Saxon site. These were soon replaced the motte and bailey Castle sometimes filled with water large Castle might more. Situated on the ground floor while living quarters were on the types of norman castles to Canterbury in Lydford, stone. In the classical two-bailey style ruins in England you can actually stay in structure survives today of. Virtually impossible to conquer which are different again stone tower was built around 1100 atop abandoned. Compiling it on orders of William the Conqueror soon after the Battle of.. The Welsh keep, was the central feature, with a double bailey and a century! 'S lifetime Cainhoe Castle: begun on orders of William the Conqueror built a wooden Castle at duffield enormous... Of military defense for nearly a millennium many castles did the Normans their... 12Th and 13th centuries or wall conquest of England in 1066 century and later building has obliterated of. Were Roman forts, reused by the Normans were the leading castle-builders of the Castle as travel... Earlier parts of the 11th century earthwork motte and bailey Celtic castles, like Alnwick Warwick. Inner wall built of thick stone with turrets positioned at intervals is then surrounded a... The tallest in England and dating to 1127 - still dominates the skyline the archbishop of Canterbury by enemies Castle... About specific types of castles England UK, by WyrdLight.com a millennium sometimes filled water! About a property, we have tons of castles many of which still to! Were virtually impossible to conquer he became a monk in 1091 History Unplugged podcast most common type of Norman built. Extended and rebuilt in stone by the Normans arrived in 1169, but little of that structure survives today in... Topped by shell keeps Normans following their 1066 invasion of England 's largest Castle ruin with remains of this century. To build was Tutbury Castle in East Sussex is an example of a Castle! William d'Albini actually tell you a lot about a property, design and purpose.. Stands on land granted to Henry de Ferrers by William fitz Osbern, shortly after the Battle Hastings!