St Briavel's Castle: This is a Norman castle you can actually stay in! Thetford Castle: Like Canterbury, Thetford had two Norman castles, both of motte and bailey design. But as we travel the country Biggleswade Castle: Motte and bailey castle the existence of which was discovered by aerial photography in 1954. The castle’s architecture would suggest that the castle was built by a Norman lord c. 1300 and was likely abandoned in the 14th century. Ludgershall Castle: 12th century castle used for a time as a royal hunting lodge. Later, once William the Conqueror, the leader of the Normans, had firmly established his rule in England, the Normans built huge stone keep castles. Home | Blog | Site Map | About Us | Contact Us The main feature of the concentric medieval castle is its walls. They are a perfect accompaniment to PlanBee's Y3/4 history scheme of work, The Norman Conquest . These were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles as they offered better protection from attack. Rebuilt in stone by Hamelin de Plantagenet in the early 12th century. Abandoned in the 14th century. The shell keep on top of the motte is now ruined. Bellister Castle: late 11th century motte and bailey castle, later rebuilt in stone. Bywell Castle: an 11th century Norman castle probably built by Guy de Ballliol around 1090, later strengthened by the Neville family, Return to the alphabet index of Norman Castles. This type of castle is relatively quick and easy to build. There could be more depending on what the castle was to be used for! Pevensey castle in East Sussex is an example of a Norman Castle built inside an existing Roman Fort. Eynesford Castle: Originally a Saxon moated site until a very early Norman stone enclosure castle replaced this residence. Only the mound now remains. It was built during the reign of King Henry I and may have stood up to 80 feet high. Extended in the 14th century. Cainhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century motte and bailey castle with three baileys! There were four different types. Ruined by the 16th century and later building has obliterated part of the motte and most of the masonry. Egremont Castle: Built by William de Meschines about 1130-1140, close to an earlier Norman mound near this site. Skipsea Castle: Unusual defensive structure - the motte stands in its own lake - built by Drogo de Beauvriere. The first were Roman forts, reused by the Normans following their 1066 invasion of England. Pontefract Castle: Built by Ilbert de Lacy atop Saxon fortifications in the 1080s. Restormel Castle: Stone ringwork and bailey castle founded by Robert, count of Mortain. Brough Castle: built around 1100 atop an abandoned Roman fort. Kenilworth Castle: England's largest castle ruin with remains of the original massive Norman keep at the centre of the site. Warwick also has 14th century towers and a 15th century gatehouse and barbican. Portchester Castle: Stone keep built atop the Roman fort of Portus Adurni. The medieval castle was the foundation of military defense for nearly a millennium. However, many Medieval castles shared similar features – defensive barbicans and deep moats, with a kitchen and a great hall; and a Keep (or donjon) at their heart. Early Norman castles - like the one William the Conqueror built as soon as he landed in Pevensey to protect himself and his closest advisers - were simple defensive structures: an earthen mound (or motte) crowned with a wooden palisade, the bailey, with maybe a keep at the centre of the structure. I find castle design and layout fascinating. Prudhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century ringwork built by Robert de Umfraville. Duffield Castle: Stands on land granted to Henry de Ferrers by William the Conqueror after the Battle of Hastings. Later home to Edward, the Black Prince. King Henry II's small elegant square keep of two rooms from 1174 still survives. 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