He led a crusade against corruption, using his images to help remove William Magear "Boss" Tweed and his peers from power. And generally only newspaper publishers such as Horace Greeley or James Gordon Bennett really rose to the level of widely known to the public. (Kean Collection/Getty Images) In the 1990s, the Old New York County Courthouse was given an … In October of 1871, Nast used the escalating economic tensions to critique the Tammany Hall ringleaders, suggesting that they were responsible for stealing the workers' wages. He became the man who could topple political regimes. Thomas Nast, a heroic American cartoonist, improved society to an extreme and hence enormously influenced the development of America as a nation during the Gilded Age. Dylan Thomas is a writer who is best known for the poem 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night' and the play 'Under Milk Wood.'. Thomas Nast: Emancipation. Opponents of Reconstruction were using violence to intimidate the freedmen. This exhibition highlights Thomas Nast’s remarkable impact through a cartoon biography created by local artists. At the time that this cartoon was published, Tweed was still in jail facing numerous civil suits. In September 1871, Nast depicted Tweed, New York Mayor A. Oakey Hall and several others as a group of vultures surrounding a corpse labeled "New York." While there, Nast quickly made a name for himself as a political cartoonist, focusing on such topics as the Civil War, slavery and corruption. He then studied for a time at the National Academy of Art, but when his family could no longer afford his tuition, Nast went to work, landing a job in 1855 doing illustrations for Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Nast was the first superstar political cartoonist. His artwork was revolutionary in that it portrayed Slaves as People, not as Property. In its February 17, 1877, edition, Harper’s Weekly published an illustration by Thomas Nast that depicted what he hoped would emerge from the electoral commission created by Congress at the end of January. Thomas Nast, (born September 27, 1840, Landau, Baden [Germany]—died December 7, 1902, Guayaquil, Ecuador), American cartoonist, best known for his attack on the political machine of William M. Tweed in New York City in the 1870s. The cartoon's caption pointedly asks voters, "What are you going to do about it? Today, Nast is best remembered for creating the modern image of Santa Claus and the Republican elephant, and popularizing the Democratic donkey through his iconic illustrations. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. What impact did Radical Republicans in Congress have on Reconstruction? From an early age, Nast showed an interest in drawing. Nast did poorly in school, preferring drawing to schoolwork, and eventually dropped out. spoils system Andrew Jackson sitting on a hog atop a tomb that includes the inscription “To the victors belong the spoils,” political cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, April 28, 1877. By the 1870s, Nast primarily focused his efforts on political cartoons. Thomas Nast defined American political cartoons in the decades following the Civil War. The role did Thomas Nast played in the history of print media, communication and politics. Thomas Nast (1840-1902) was a political cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon.” Born in Landau, Germany, Nast’s family immigrated to New York City when he was six. Thomas Nast was a political cartoonist and illustrator during the Progressive Era. https://www.biography.com/media-figure/thomas-nast. Courtesy of Library of Congress, Nast, Thomas, "Death at the polls, and free from "federal interference" / Th. Eventually, it was Tweed who fled the country, to avoid prosecution. First Santa Claus was drawn by Nast for the 1862 Christmas season Harper’s Weekly cover and centre-fold illustration. There were enough opposition candidates (from both parties), however, than an effective investigation of Tweed could be accomplished, ultimately resulting in a conviction. Nast is further believed to be responsible for the modern representation of Santa Claus as a jolly, rotund man in a red suit, and to be the first to have suggested that Santa could be found at the North Pole and that kids could send him their wish lists there. Thomas Nast was an influential political cartoonist who is known for bringing attention to issues including corruption, slavery, politics and the Civil War through his work. While he stands around, well-fed and smoking cigars, other inmates are immobilized and denied necessities. 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