The history of Jordan has been influenced by many civilisations and has been a hub for humanity for thousands of years dating back to Palaeolithic times. This concern with urban development matched similar activities in other Decapolis towns, such as Gadara (Umm Qays) and Gerasa (Jerash/Jarash), and reflects the role of regional centres in serving local populations during late antiquity. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ancient Documents To that end, historically, the ancient city was even mentioned in the 19th century BC Egyptian execration texts, and as such is often considered as one of the earliest walled townships in the region of Jordan and the Levant. Ancient Rome Maps & Geography Pella was part of the Decapolis – 10 cities at the eastern frontier of the Roman empire in Syria, Jordan and Israel like Gerasa, Gadara, today Amman, Damascus and others. According to historian Edward Gibbon, the early Church of Jerusalem fled to Pella after the ruin of the temple, staying there until their return during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, making it a secondary pilgrimage site for early Christians and modern Christians today. The Civic Complex at the base of the mound of ancient Pella includes a large columned church from the Byzantine period. Pella is a town in Northern Jordan.. .footer-blurb.grey { Jordan map & highlights. Several of these houses suffered what appears to be the same fiery destruction in the Late Hellenistic period. .container { [2], Philippeia is another name of the city from the Roman period,[8] Pella, however, is consistently a "Decapolis" city, and the city in the northernmost bounds of the region known as Perea. According to Pliny the Elder (Natural History 5.74), in the mid 1st century ad the 10 cities of the league were Scythopolis (modern Bet Sheʾan, Israel), Hippos, Gadara, Raphana, Dion (or Dium), Pella, Gerasa, Philadelphia (modern Amman, Jordan), Canatha, and Damascus (capital of modern Syria). In Islamic times, after 635 CE, the town became part of the Jund al-Urdunn (Province of Jordan), but in time was negatively impacted by natural calamities and eclipsed by the geo-political successes of the nearby towns of Amman, Beisan and especially Tabariyah (Tiberias). As yet no public buildings from the Hellenistic period have been identified, although well-appointed private houses attest to their integration into the wider norms of urban living, such as wall-paintings and statuary. [citation needed], Evidence for a presence in the Crusader period (12th century CE) is slight – a few pottery sherds only – but in the following Ayyubid and Mamluk periods the flat summit of the tell was inhabited by a large village, featuring a stone-built mosque with a minbar (pulpit), residential compounds defined by lane ways, and a large cemetery. 1350 CE). } The access streets were lined with newly built shops and large buildings, serving both commercial and residential functions. Ancient Greece Pella, Jordan. Biblical Archaeology - Significant Discoveries from Ancient Empires. A Harmony of the Life of Jesus - Four gospel accounts in harmony. [12] On the tell,[which?] @media screen and (max-width: 1199px) { The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Pella is 943 to 1. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. Pella is a favourite of archaeologists as it is exceptionally rich in antiquities, some of which are exceedingly old. [35] A joint project with the University of Sydney (Australia), but with separate excavation teams and seasons, explored the city from 1978–1985. color: #333 !important; It is half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country.. Get in [] Get around [] See []. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. Pella is of great importance to archaeologists because it … Map of [12], The Australian teams found storage complexes from the Chalcolithic period (ca. In ancient Pella, Jordan, archaeology can take you back over 8,000 years of history. 4200 BCE). First Century Israel Map - Large Map of Israel in the First Century - Click around on the Cities. Bible Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Pella, ancient capital of King Archelaus of Macedonia at the end of the 5th century bc and birthplace of Alexander the Great. [6] However, Pella expanded to its largest size during the Byzantine period, when it was a bishopric in the province of Palaestina Secunda. Originally known as Bounomos, the city developed rapidly under Philip II, but, after the }. 30 square km around the city. .footer-blurb { Childrens Resources Being part of the province of Palaestina Secunda ("second Palestine"), it certainly had a bishop by the year AD 451. Shobak is one of Jordan's most significant and impressive historical sites located on the road to Petra about 190km (118 miles) south of Amman where stands an impressive castle as a lonely reminder of former Crusader glory. Dealer: Michael D. Heaston Rare Books and Mss., Wichita, KS. h4 { Original Bible History Online - Visit the original site 1999-2016. [24] Similarly to Epiphanius, Eusebius of Caesarea recounts how Pella was a refuge for Jerusalem Christians who were fleeing the First Jewish–Roman War in the 1st century CE. (1992) "Hellenisation and the Decapolis. Today, the city’s ruins which are } .footer-blurb h4 { Pella. New Testament Overview - General survey of the New Testament. The Macedonian name suggests that this city was probably founded by Alexander's own soldiers. Help. [19] If these cities had previously dated their years from their foundation under Alexander the Great or Seleucis I Nicator, they now honoured Pompey by counting 63 BC as a new "Year One". History Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible. In 63 BCE, the Roman General Pompey integrated the region into the Eastern portion of the Roman Empire, converting the old Seleucid empire into the province of Coele-Syria and incorporating Judaea as a client kingdom. Pella represents one of the Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. This has been attributed to a massive destruction by the Hasmonean king, Alexander Jannaeus, about 83 or 82 BCE (Josephus, The Jewish War 14.4.8; Antiquities 14.4.4). [32], The site was first published as part of a regional survey by G. Schumacher,[33] but the first excavation was conducted by Funk and Richardson only in 1958, revealing Bronze and Iron Age material in two soundings. max-width: 100%; The stone and mudbrick two-storeyed houses on the top of the tell (main mound) collapsed in on themselves, thereby trapping the inhabitants – human and animal – and preserving a rich collection of finds sourced from distant regions, such as Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. color: #333 !important; Map of New Testament Israel (Click to Enlarge) In particular, a large market and workshop area was installed adjacent to the Civic Complex church at the heart of the Byzantine town plan. Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Today the city's ruins, predominately temples, churches and housing, have been partially excavated by teams of archaeologists, and attract thousands of tourists annually but especially in spring, during which time the area is awash with spring flowers. Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. } B. Hennessy and Dr A. W. McNicoll. font-family: Roboto !important; 1800 BCE boasted massive mud-brick city walls. Bourke noted how such large structural projects rather mirrored the importance of Jordan’s Pella during the Bronze Age. Located 96 km (60 miles) northwest of Amman, Pella, known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, is one of the most ancient sites in Jordan and a favorite of archaeologists being exceptionally rich in antiquities. Picture Study Bible - StudyBible with Pictures and Maps. Bourke, S. (1997) Pre-Classical Pella In Jordan: A Conspectus Of Ten Years' Work 1985-1995. } It was one of the two oldest Greek settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan along with Dion. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. 1800-1200 BCE), as well as a Late Bronze Egyptian governors's residence from ca. [30] The configuration of the complex suggests markets (khans),[clarification needed] with commercial activities such as glass workshops. Accordingly, the archaeological record shows no disruption attributable to the arrival of Islam, as was the case for nearly all the towns of Bilad al-Sham. Or click on the map above to visit more places close to Pella. [27] Rather, the churches, markets and houses of Pella continued in use, with the archaeology showing their progressive modification to meet evolving social and political conditions, as in many of the other towns of the Decapolis alliance in north Jordan. | In the midst of the Jordan Valley are the ruins of the ancient city of Pella, one of the cities of the fabled Roman Decapolis. the Roman Empire  |  Bible Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Pella (Jordan). Indexed for points of interest. [citation needed]. 150 CE. Walmsley, A.G. (2007) Households at Pella, Jordan: the domestic destruction deposits of the mid-eighth century. .footer-blurb { View in Google Maps. Weather Forecast. Map size: 18 inches x 24 inches | Fits 18x24 size frame (or 18x24 Mat Opening) | Frame not included | Archival quality reproduction 1869 Map | Birds eye view of Pella, Marion County, Iowa, 1869. Execration Texts of the 19th cent. For the ice hockey league, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. People in History Mythology & Beliefs padding-right: 15px; Pella. This encounter, one of the earliest between Muslims and Byzantines, came to be known as the Battle of Fihl (also Battle of Fahl, Fahl being a later variant of Fihl). There was a “Wadi” or ravine named Cherith, and just to the north the Decapolis town of Pella. Biblical Archaeology [37] Pella is located about 40 minutes south of Umm Qais on Route 65 and about 1.5 hours north of Amman, in the foothills of the Jordan Valley/River. Details. the entire summit was leveled off and a new gridded urban zone constructed during the time of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. [2] The Macedonian name Berenike was often used in the royal family of Ptolemaic Egypt, who conquered southern Syria and thus Pella in 301, and ruled over the city until 218 BCE, when they lost it to the Seleucid king Antiochos III. From Amman, it is a 95 kilometer drive. [3] It is not known (as of 2006) who founded the Hellenistic town of Pella in Transjordan, which makes it hard to assess who exactly gave it its Greek name and precisely why. Pella was rebuilt by the Greeks under the Greek name Pella. [citation needed], On the plain of the Jordan Valley below Pella, a historically decisive battle took place in January 635 CE (13 AH) between a Muslim army and the Byzantine forces stationed at Pella and Scythopolis (Beit She'an; Beisan). } [citation needed]. At least three triapsidal churches have been identified within the city: the West Church at the western foot of the tell; the Civic Complex church in the Wadi al-Jirm at the southeast foot of the tell and which, due to its size and location, was probably the cathedral; and the elevated East Church on the higher slopes of the Jebel Abu el-Khas. The Incredible Bible - First in the BKA Series. Watson and O'Hea (1996), Pella Hinterland Survey 1994: Preliminary Report. The Muslims forces faced little resistance with the town of Pella surrendering by treaty, thereby avoiding occupation by military conquest. In L. Lavan, E. Swift and T. Putzeys (Eds). The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. 6000 BCE. It is said to belong to Decapolis” (de Mens. } The city lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Thessaloníki. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). [26] A Bishop's palace from ca. Jordan is 80 percent desert but also contains diverse areas of forests, canyons and wetlands. color: #337ab7; Home » Pella. padding-left: 15px; Explore Pella holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. display: inline-block; The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. [citation needed], In the late Roman and Byzantine periods, the town extended over the ancient tell (archaeological mound), across the broad central valley of the town today known as the Wadi al-Jirm (see photograph), and over the slopes and summit of the southern hill known as Tell al-Husn. .footer-blurb .footer-blurb-item { .social-container { Copyright © 2020 Bible History Map of Old Testament Israel, Map of Pella was incorporated within Roman Judaean territory[dubious – discuss] (Jewish Wars 3.5). Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). Fahil. It also minted coins in the Roman period. Before writing my doctoral thesis two decades ago, the only Pella that I knew about was a small town in south central Iowa famous for its windows and doors. On migrating from it they settled at Pella, the town already indicated, across the Jordan. and K. AbdulFattah (1977). color: #333 !important; Hütteroth, W.D. 3200 BCE. Originally the town was called Pihilum[when?]. } See more » Alexander the Great Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. [14] The official University of Sydney excavation page only mentions Early Bronze Age stone defensive platforms from ca. } https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pella,_Jordan&oldid=1007991413, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 February 2021, at 00:19. .footer-blurb-item { Ancient Israel Pella is the name of Alexander the Great's birthplace in Macedonia. Jordan × ... You can customize the map before you print! Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). Pella represents one of ten Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. We pulled out the Oxford map of Galilee in the time of Jesus and quickly located Aenon near Salim, just south of Scythopolis, or Beth Shean today. [22] According to Epiphanius, the disciples had been miraculously told by Christ to abandon Jerusalem because of the siege it was about to undergo. Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible. 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